Fibroadenoma of breast and ectopic breast tissue is common pathology. Sometimes, it may be associated with hormonal imbalance. However, the presence of fibroadenoma in the axilla without ectopic breast tissue and hormonal imbalance is a rare presentation.
Case 1: A year-old black woman gravida 2, para 2 presented two weeks postpartum with painless swelling of her left axilla. Her medical history was notable for sickle cell anemia. Her pregnancy was unremarkable, resulting in the spontaneous vaginal delivery of a healthy infant.
Breast Cancer Management for Surgeons pp Cite as. The breast consists of four quadrants, the central substance and the axillary tail. The gland consists of 15—20 lobes.
E-mail address: nicolas-hs hanmail. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more. Accessory breast tissue results from failed regression of primitive mammary tissue and is most often located in the axilla.
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Lymph nodes help protect the body against infection and serve to filter foreign bodies from the lymphatic system. Lymph is a clear fluid surrounding cells in the body that drains through lymphatic channels into lymph nodes. When an infection is present, lymph nodes detect it and help launch a series of events to fight the infection.
Commonest cause of disturbed axillary aesthetics is aberrant breast tissue. Our study presents 24 consecutive patients with axillary breast or lipomas, treated with liposuction alone or excision with limited liposuction of axillary folds and dog ears; between and Optimum aesthetic outcome was due to i Pre-op marking in maximum abduction ii Elliptical excision of apical, hairy skin in the direction of maximum laxity irrespective of location of axillary breast iii Raising thick flaps to avoid tethering of the scar iv Meticulous dissection to preserve nerves, axillary pad of fat and lymph nodes, v Limited liposuction under vision to sculpt axillary folds and dog ears, vi Suturing in position of maximum abduction, vi Stretchable tape for dressing instead of pressure garment suitable for unique shape of axilla.
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Primary carcinomas of ectopic breast tissue have been reported in only a small number of cases and the axilla was the most frequent site of the primary tumor 1. Breast tissues develop from the ectodermal ridges, also known as the milk lines, on the ventral surface of the body, which extend from the axillae to the inguinal regions and end on the medial aspect of the thighs on each side of the body 4. Embryologically, ectopic breast tissue develops as a result of failed resolution of the mammary ridge, an ectodermal thickening that extends from the axilla to the groin 5.